Autism Explained https://www.autism-explained.com Autism Information Fri, 03 Jul 2020 08:24:40 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://www.autism-explained.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/05/cropped-autism-explained-book-cover-32x32.jpg Autism Explained https://www.autism-explained.com 32 32 What Is the Autism Spectrum? https://www.autism-explained.com/what-is-the-autism-spectrum/ https://www.autism-explained.com/what-is-the-autism-spectrum/#respond Thu, 25 Jun 2020 00:36:00 +0000 https://www.autism-explained.com/?p=860 What is the autism spectrum? When individuals hear the word ‘autism’ they commonly have an idea of a private in their head. Those preconceived concepts may be real for some individuals with Autism, not all people drop under that ‘traditional Autistic’ classification. What is the autism spectrum? Autism frequently offers itself initial and foremost throughout […]

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What is the autism spectrum? When individuals hear the word ‘autism’ they commonly have an idea of a private in their head. Those preconceived concepts may be real for some individuals with Autism, not all people drop under that ‘traditional Autistic’ classification. What is the autism spectrum? Autism frequently offers itself initial and foremost throughout the critical developing years of a little one, from ages 0-6. Throughout these ages, the child may miss out on certain landmarks that he or she need to be striking for their age, triggering problem amongst their parents and also member of the family. What is the autism spectrum? Signs and symptoms and indications of Autism Range Problem will certainly vary from individual to individual, as no two situations are the exact same.

Forms of Autism

Autistic Problem, also called the ‘traditional situation of Autism.’ When they assume of an individual with Autism, this is the typical case that people think of. These individuals may have concerns with non-verbal and spoken interaction, which can trigger them to either have a delay in speech, absence of face expressions or difficulty keeping eye get in touch with while talking. Additionally, they might experience hypo-sensitivity to view, sound, odor touch or taste.

What is the autism spectrum? An individual with traditional Autism may discover it difficult to go via the activities of their day-to-day life without rep or regular as well as may have an adverse response when either of these are removed from them. They might also have a difficult time associating with society and other individuals, as they might not have the ability to understand with other individuals emotions considering that they do not experience the very same feelings themselves.

Asperger Syndrome

Asperger Disorder is a form of Autism that offers challenges socially and in the people’ habits or rate of interests. They might have milder symptoms than those with timeless Autistic Problem however their very own trials and also adversities have in their everyday life. Someone that has Asperger Syndrome may act inappropriately in social circumstances, finding as rude or uncomfortable.

What is the autism spectrum? They might really feel much more comfy mentioning themselves, as opposed to concentrating on someone they are fraternizing, that makes them show up to be self-seeking and unempathetic. A specific with Asperger Disorder might additionally have problem sharing themselves nonverbally, which can trigger them to not know exactly how to have suitable facial expressions, motions or body language.

Pervasive Developmental Autism

Pervasive Developing Condition – Not Otherwise Defined (PDD-NOS) is finest defined as individuals that do not fit right into either the Autistic Condition or the Asperger Syndrome classifications. These individuals can be in one of 3 groups: high-functioning, signs close to Autistic Disorder however not fairly fully satisfying its symptoms and also the third team which is that the individual does satisfy all of the demands to be in the Autistic Condition team but have really mild behavior signs.

What is the autism spectrum? An individual with Autism Range Problem will certainly encounter a number of battles throughout their life, consisting of social habits as well as qualities, motor features as well as their total habits patterns. A person that gets on the Autism range may experience the following problems as well as has a hard time without their life.

Compulsions

Repeating the exact same activities regularly, such as slapping their hands, stomping their feet or shaking back and forth. Usually these movements are done out of a state of relaxation or as a coping technique. Ways of relocating may seem unusual, such as being aggressive in certain activities such as being as well rough with an easy hug or being too hostile throughout play time with various other children. Compulsive activities as well as thoughts towards specific things are not unusual. They might obsess over a certain corner of a home, a toy that they like or a details person. Failure to have this object or individual around them may cause a breakdown, commonly with weeping, howling or outbursts.

Concentrating on one details subject at all times can stop other subjects of discussion from entering play. Usually people on the Autism range will consume over a specific subject, such as aircrafts or trains. It can be very hard for them to engage in any type of sort of discussion that is not straight related to the item they have an interest in. Level of sensitivity to certain sensory experiences might differ. Some people are hypersensitive to sensations such as chilly, structures, sounds, etc. whereas others are hyposensitive to them.

Autism Syndrome Problem

What is the autism spectrum? Equally as motor skills differ based upon the intensity of the case of ASD, social habits will vary as well. Social abilities can enhance in time with the appropriate treatment and treatment from experts. Behaviors that can signify Autism Syndrome Problem. Social actions such as rough play, hitting, damaging or unsuitable hostility towards their peers as well as inappropriate language, motions or activities may prevail for people with ASD. These unsuitable activities can consist of lewd language, gestures that are hostile or sexual in nature or activities that are unfitting for the circumstance they are in.

Sensations, body movement as well as actions can easily be misunderstood with a specific with ASD. They might take a sentence or activity out of context and respond as necessary. Socially, people on the Autism spectrum might seem unpleasant or unpleasant. They will likely not seek any type of type of social activity by themselves and also may reply to social communications in a aggressive or timid method.

Conclusion

What is the autism spectrum? It is essential to keep in mind that although these are usual symptoms and signs of Autism Syndrome Problem, they are not the single indicator of Autism. Since a person has one of these characteristics that they are not immediately classified as Autistic or on the range, it is vital to acknowledge that simply. If you think that a person has Autism or gets on the range, we urge you to talk with their medical professional, relative and buddies. Clinical specialists are the only members of society that can formally diagnose Autism Syndrome Problem.

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How to Know if My Child Has Autism? https://www.autism-explained.com/how-to-know-if-my-child-has-autism/ https://www.autism-explained.com/how-to-know-if-my-child-has-autism/#respond Thu, 21 May 2020 22:15:00 +0000 http://www.autism-explained.com/?p=807 How to know if my child has autism? Autism is not a single problem; rather it is a spectrum of very closely related conditions that share particular signs and symptoms. This is why it is extra exact to describe these disorders as ASD, or autism spectrum problem. The range mirrors the acuteness of the materialized […]

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How to know if my child has autism? Autism is not a single problem; rather it is a spectrum of very closely related conditions that share particular signs and symptoms. This is why it is extra exact to describe these disorders as ASD, or autism spectrum problem. The range mirrors the acuteness of the materialized signs and symptoms, varying from extreme to moderate. How to know if my child has autism? There is no blood examination or scanning procedure that can identify signs of light autism. Rather, the doctor will certainly take a look at a selection of factors. How to know if my child has autism? To determine the level of autism in a child, the doctor will examine largely two things: the child’s abilities or abilities to interact with others and the presence of limited, repeated habits.

Signs of Moderate Autism in Kids

How to know if my child has autism? To get a diagnosis of signs and symptoms of light autism, the youngster’s symptoms would need to offer themselves before they are 3 years old. The child does not have autism but possibly some other developing condition if the signs and symptoms show up past age of three. Signs of moderate autism occasionally reveal as very early as infancy. Such signs and symptoms may include minimized eye contact as well as indifference to caregivers. Often, infants display regular development and after that all of a sudden come to be taken out as kids.

In each situation of autism, the youngster might present a pattern of habits unique to them. Depending on where on the range they are, the youngster may have regular or poor knowledge. They might have difficulty learning. Or perhaps they have above-average knowledge however do not have sufficient social abilities to interact their discovering well. As a whole, the adhering to are signs and symptoms displayed by youngsters on the spectrum.

Communication

Numerous children on the spectrum have difficulty interacting and understanding language. Symptoms of light autism consist of:

  • Delayed speech development (in some cases not talking in all).
  • Having a strange speech pattern or using irregular rhythm or lend a hand their words.
  • Repetitively saying words or expressions.
  • Difficulty launching or maintaining up with conversation.
  • Has problem with expressing what they desire or require.

Social Interaction with Kids

How to know if my child has autism? Their troubles with language and also communication lead to youngsters on the range also having trouble interacting socially, making close friends, or simply connecting to other individuals.

  • Trouble acknowledging feelings and also reactions of various other people, thereby coming off as sometimes hostile or impolite
  • Resistance to physical call such a hand on the shoulder or hugs
  • Uncommon body language or faces, such as having a blank look when claiming something that ought to be interesting
  • Absence of rate of interest or resistance to the company of others, particularly complete stranger

Behavioral Patterns to Look Out For

Children with autism commonly adjust to an inflexible behavioral pattern, and they tend to stick to these patterns obsessively.

  • Obsessive add-on to apparently ordinary objects, such as socks or keys
  • Repeated motions, such as regularly thrumming their fingers on a table or flapping their hands
  • Compulsive fixation on an usually niche subject or extent of rate of interest, such as tracking train routines, sports statistics, or certificate plates
  • Odd activities, frequently clumsy as well as with an odd posture
  • Obtain easily disturbed when adjustment is suddenly introduced or when there’s a disturbance in their regimen
  • Keep an inflexible schedule and also a repaired, often weird method of doing points, such as putting on only blue socks on Tuesdays, having a particular order for their toys, as well as eating sweets in only also numbers
  • Extreme reactions to specific noises, appearances, or views

As they mature, some kids on the spectrum may discover to become more engaged with others as well as might show fewer of these behaviors. Some, generally those showing just moderate signs, can lead typical lives, or as typical for them as possible.

What does it imply when a youngster has symptoms of mild autism?

How to know if my child has autism? The term is not officially used in formal researches as well as is instead used to refer to a typically much less severe situation of autism. To put it simply, somebody with “light autism” might show some of the signs related to autism, such as postponed social as well as interaction skills. These symptoms are not intense sufficient to impair their day-to-day functioning. They can still finish homework assignments but have problems connecting to their peers. They might even have actually advanced academic skills however locate that they discover interacting socially a tough pursuit.

Conclusion

Signs of moderate autism might vary depending on the scenario. Feasible treatment choices include behavior modification and developing treatments. Experts might make use of a variety of strategy in order to assist the youngster discover what certifies as appropriate habits and also what does not. Another therapy is speech therapy, in which specialists will certainly attend to the child’s problems in interaction. The child may be instructed to acknowledge social hints and exactly how to reply to them.

How to know if my child has autism? Various other therapy options are medicine therapy (making use of drug to handle the signs and symptoms of mild autism), physical therapy, and job-related treatment. To design a reliable treatment strategy, comprehensive exams would have to be done to assess the health of the child.

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High Functioning Autism https://www.autism-explained.com/high-functioning-autism/ https://www.autism-explained.com/high-functioning-autism/#respond Sat, 25 Apr 2020 03:04:00 +0000 http://www.autism-explained.com/?p=762 High functioning autism is not a single disorder; rather it is a spectrum of closely related disorders that share certain symptoms. It is also better conceptualized as a scale of varying degrees and severities instead of just a categorical diagnosis. There is no blood test for diagnosing high functioning autism, nor there is any one […]

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High functioning autism is not a single disorder; rather it is a spectrum of closely related disorders that share certain symptoms. It is also better conceptualized as a scale of varying degrees and severities instead of just a categorical diagnosis. There is no blood test for diagnosing high functioning autism, nor there is any one test for the evaluation of the disorder. Instead, the doctor will have to assess and take into account a variety of factors. To determine the level of autism in a child, the doctor will evaluate two main factors: the child’s abilities or skills to communicate with others and the presence of restricted, repetitive behavior.

High Functioning Autism: Behavioral Patterns

A child may display a pattern of behavior unique to them; indeed, the manifestations of symptoms may vary from case to case. Depending on where on the spectrum they are, the child may possess normal or below average intelligence. They may have difficulty learning and at the same time pick up some subjects more easily. They may even exhibit normal to above-average intelligence.

Though not an official medical diagnosis, the term high functioning autism (HFA) is being commonly used to refer to individuals with autism spectrum disorder who has no intellectual disability. They are able to read, write, speak, and perform regular life tasks. The symptoms of HFA can be similar to those of Asperger’s syndrome, with the key difference being that children with HFA experience a significant delay in their early speech and language skills development while those with Asperger’s syndrome do not.

How is HFA different from Asperger’s syndrome?

Generally, individuals with high functioning autism have a lower verbal reasoning ability, in part due to the delays in their speech and language skills development. On the other hand, they possess better visual or spatial skill and thus higher performance IQ. Individuals with high functioning autism also have more control over their motions; those with Asperger’s syndrome tend to be clumsier. Additionally, people with HFA may exhibit curiosity and interest for many different things, as opposed to people with Asperger’s syndrome who may fixate on a single, often niche subject.

What are the levels of autism?

Currently, autism spectrum disorders (ASD) is divided into three levels that reflect their severity.

  • Level 1. This is the mildest level of ASD. People at this level on the spectrum generally exhibit mild symptoms that don’t their personal or professional life and relationships. People at this level tend to be those referred to as having high functioning autism or Asperger’s syndrome.
  • Level 2. People at this level exhibit more severe symptoms. As such, they require more support, such as speech therapy or social skills training, in order to function effectively.
  • Level 3. This is the most severe level of ASD. People at this level require the most support, including full-time caregivers or intensive therapy in some cases.

How are ASD levels determined?

Just like with the diagnosis of the disorder, there is no single test for determining the level of ASD. The specialist working would you would have to spend a lot of time talking to someone and observing their behaviors to get a better idea of their:

  • verbal and emotional development
  • social and emotional capabilities
  • nonverbal communication abilities

They will also try to assess how well someone is able to create or maintain meaningful relationships with others.

Early intervention is recommended for effective management of autism. Diagnosing the disorder as early as possible increases the chance of helping the individual grow up to be well-adjusted and to lead as full a life as possible.

How are the different levels treated?

There aren’t any standardized treatment recommendations for different levels of ASD; instead, the treatment strategy would be devised depending on each person’s unique symptoms. Those with level 1 ASD may need less intensive treatments that those with level 2 or level 3 ASD, who will likely need a long-term treatment plan.

ASD treatment plans may include:

Speech therapy

Since ASD can cause a variety of speech issues, speech therapy may be called for to help the individual learn to express themselves and engage in conversation. A speech therapist can help to address a range of speech problems.

Physical therapy

Some people with ASD have trouble with motor skills. This can make coordinated movements difficult for them. They may have trouble walking or running or jumping. With physical therapy, their muscles will be strengthened and their motor skills improved.

Occupational therapy

This may be implemented in tandem with physical therapy. Occupational therapy is designed to help the person use their hands, legs, or other body parts more efficiently, in order to perform daily tasks more efficiently.

Sensory training

Sensitivity to sounds, lights, and touch is common in individuals with ASD. Through sensory training, they can learn how to deal with sensory input, such as in loud crowded spaces.

Medication

While there aren’t any medications designed to treat high functioning autism by itself, certain types can help to manage specific symptoms, such as depression or high energy. The imbalances in the hormone levels can be addressed with certain chemicals to help the individual feel lighter and better.

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Babies with Autism https://www.autism-explained.com/babies-with-autism/ https://www.autism-explained.com/babies-with-autism/#respond Tue, 17 Mar 2020 03:01:00 +0000 http://www.autism-explained.com/?p=760 Infants are, obviously, incapable of speech yet. As such, they resort to other methods to communicate their feelings, wants, or needs. One of these methods is smiling. It is a sure-fire way of getting their caregiver’s attention and care. After all, who can resist a gummy smile from a babies with autism, right? However, this […]

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Infants are, obviously, incapable of speech yet. As such, they resort to other methods to communicate their feelings, wants, or needs. One of these methods is smiling. It is a sure-fire way of getting their caregiver’s attention and care. After all, who can resist a gummy smile from a babies with autism, right?

However, this may be a problem for babies with autism. According to a new research, babies who would later be diagnosed as being on the spectrum smile less often than babies who do not develop the disorder. In other words, it is possible that how often a baby smiles may be used as an early risk marker for autism spectrum disorder.

Babies with Autism

The study, which was published in the Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, involves the evaluation of 22 typically developing infants with no history of autism in their families and 44 baby siblings (“baby sibs”) of children on the spectrum. It is important to note that having history of autism in the family increases risks of babies with autism, though it doesn’t guarantee it. However, multiple studies have been and continue to be conducted to solidify the link between the development of autism and genetics or hereditary factors. In this study, however, 22 out of the 44 baby sibs are later diagnosed with autism.

Children’s Growth

The study involved closely following the children’s growth and development, keeping track of how often and how long each baby smiled in videos taken at 6-, 12-, and 18-month markers. When the children reached 3 years of age, they were then assessed for autism diagnosis. The study employs a new method in a more controlled environment. It did not rely on home videos, which tend to be inaccurate sources of information; after all, parents tend to only record moments where their children are happy.

As observed during the study, the duration of each child’s smile as well as the frequency in which they smiled increased as they age. This holds true for both groups. However, by the 12-month marker, there is a marked decrease in the smiling frequency of children with autism compared to the other group.

Smiling Babies No More

By the 18-month marker, the decrease in smiling frequency even more obvious; the typically developing infants are also found to smile less than the babies with autism sibs without autism but more than the baby sibs who would develop the disorder. Though the differences are subtle, they are still notably consistent with our study results in which 24-month-old typically developing babies were found to be less extroverted than the baby sibs without autism of the same age.

In general, the study finds that babies with autism tend to smile less during early infancy, specifically their first two years.

Babbling delay may be early marker of autism

Aside from smiling, babies also tend to babble. Babbling is the first step they take to developing their speech and speech patterns. By the 9-month marker, they are beginning to repeat syllables, such as “ba-ba-ba” of “ga-ga-ga.”

People with autism are found to be slower to start babbling back in their infancy. Once these infants do start babbling, they tend to do it much less frequently than typically developing babies. The delay or decreased frequency in babbling could then be another early marker of autism development. With this delay in babbling, there will also be obvious delays in speech and language development, which is one of the characteristics of autism.

This delay in speech and language development may be due to impediments in the motor system that supports such functions. This may lead to the babies with autism having difficulties in producing sounds, much less forming words.  

Other symptoms exhibited by children with autism

Children with autism exhibits other symptoms aside from speech delays or troubles with communication. However, these symptoms may not manifest until they are 2 years old, and they may not be diagnosed for autism until they are 3 years old.

As infants grow, they might be missing other milestones for their development. They may have odd speech patterns or a peculiar way of speaking. Babies with autism also have trouble maintaining eye contact and may resist physical contact, such as a hand on their shoulder.

Various problems may arise from these symptoms. For instance, children with autism tend to experience social isolation as they grow, separate from their peers.

How Can Autism Be Treated?

There are various treatment options available that may help manage autism. These options include behavior therapy, developmental therapies, speech therapy, and occupational therapy. There is also drug therapy, which is when specialists will prescribe using medication to manage the symptoms. To devise an effective treatment plan, comprehensive examinations would have to be done to evaluate the well-being of the child. Early intervention is advisable, so if you suspect your child may have autism, it’s best to consult with a professional immediately. If not diagnosed early, don’t fret; intervention can be helpful at any stage. 

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Helping Children with Autism Sleep Better https://www.autism-explained.com/helping-children-with-autism-sleep-better/ https://www.autism-explained.com/helping-children-with-autism-sleep-better/#respond Sat, 29 Feb 2020 02:57:00 +0000 http://www.autism-explained.com/?p=758 It is normal for babies and children to have trouble settling or falling asleep. Many infants are fussy about falling asleep, and it may take some time before they ease into a normal sleep cycle. As time goes by, the number of daytime naps they have to take decrease, while their nighttime sleep regularizes, stretching […]

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It is normal for babies and children to have trouble settling or falling asleep. Many infants are fussy about falling asleep, and it may take some time before they ease into a normal sleep cycle. As time goes by, the number of daytime naps they have to take decrease, while their nighttime sleep regularizes, stretching to longer periods.

However, for children with autism, developing sleep disorders is unfortunately common; indeed, an estimated 40% to 80% of children with autism have difficulty falling asleep. This leads to lack of sleep, and thus they may feel tired or lethargic throughout the day. They may experience restlessness and poor sleep quality as well as irregular sleep patterns. They may wake up several times in the middle of the night and have trouble falling back to sleep.

Lack of sleep, or poor sleep quality, can have an impact not only on children with autism themselves but also on everyone in the family. If your child, for instant, is constantly up throughout the night, you would be too in order to tend to them.

There are a number of strategies and lifestyle interventions you can implement to help improve your child’s sleep quality.

Possible Reasons for Trouble Sleeping in Children with Autism

Communication Problems

Children with autism often have difficulty expressing what they want or need. They may be experiencing some discomfort during bedtime, but since they cannot express themselves well, they end up staying awake. They may also be unable to pick up cues that it’s bedtime in the first place. To address this, you would have to learn the signals your child may be giving out.

Routine and Habits

Children with autism have a fixation on routines and they often develop their own rituals early on. This may extend to their bedtime. They may only fall asleep on a specific hour, for instance. Or they may settle on one place and would have trouble settling when moved. Habits like these are difficult to break. At best, you would have to stick to the routines they set as much as possible.

Fixations on Certain Objects

We’ve all had a comfort blanket or a favorite toy that we need to have before falling asleep when we’re younger. For children with autism, this factor may be taken to a more profound level. They might have a favorite teddy bear that must be with them before going to bed, otherwise they won’t fall asleep. These objects and associations are also hard to wean away from children with autism.

What kind of effects do sleep problems have?

Lack of sleep and poor sleep quality have a serious impact on health and well-being, especially that of a growing child’s. It is during sleep that the body takes its time to regenerate cells and replenish our energy. Without enough sleep, or with poor sleep quality, a child with autism may exhibit aggression, depression, hyperactivity, or irritability. It may also lead to increased behavioral problems as well as a decline in their cognitive performance.

How Can You Help Your Child Sleep Better?

Here are some strategies that can help you manage and address your child’s sleeping problems.

Establish a clear nighttime routine.

Develop a positive nighttime routine for your child. Include activities your child enjoys in your nightly schedules. For instance, you and your child may start solving puzzles for half an hour after eating dinner, before sending them to bed. This way, they have a positive feeling associated with going to bed.

Bedtime should also be age-appropriate; your child should be sleepy but not exhausted. Ensure that the bedtime will enable you to wake your child up after at least 8 hours of sleep before their day starts.

Remind your child that bedtime is approaching too. Children with autism have a tendency to lose track of time. Your child gets upset with being interrupted in the middle of an activity only for you to tell them that it’s already bedtime.

Create a calm sleep environment

If your child has a favorite toy or object, make sure it’s there when they get to bed. If you’re trying to break this habit, do so gently and not immediately. You may try to introduce new objects into their routine little by little, so that your child may rely on more than just a single object. That way, it would be less difficult to take the older objects away when the time comes.

Ensure that your child’s room is conducive to sleep. There shouldn’t be distractions such as televisions or video games. You may turn on soft music to relax your child.

Also make sure to always let your child fall asleep on the bed, not on the couch or on the floor. If they are already sleepy, gently encourage them to move to the bed as they have to understand that that is the proper place for sleep. You might need to use cues or other signals to let your child learn how to fall asleep on the bed by themselves.

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Autism and Emotions https://www.autism-explained.com/autism-and-emotions/ https://www.autism-explained.com/autism-and-emotions/#respond Mon, 20 Jan 2020 02:54:00 +0000 http://www.autism-explained.com/?p=756 Discussions about disorders like autism and emotions often are rife with stigma and criticisms. There is a persistent belief held that people with autism, due to their limited emotional capacity, unable to feel empathy or feel any emotion at all. However, this is simply not true, and the persistence of such beliefs can be harmful […]

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Discussions about disorders like autism and emotions often are rife with stigma and criticisms. There is a persistent belief held that people with autism, due to their limited emotional capacity, unable to feel empathy or feel any emotion at all.

However, this is simply not true, and the persistence of such beliefs can be harmful as it creates a barrier that keeps people from trying to understand the disorder, and the individuals who have the disorder. This may lead to a distorted, often unfair perception of these individuals, which may then hinder how we interact with them and them with us. This kind of deterrent makes it all the more challenging to create a safe, healthy environment in which they can be given a chance to thrive, as all human beings deserve.

ASD and Empathy

Individuals with autism and emotions or are on the autism spectrum disorder (ASD) can indeed feel emotions and even display empathy. It may just be difficult for them to recognize that they are feeling emotions and to realize which emotions they are feeling.

The range of human emotions is vast, but it can be pared down to the basic six: happiness, surprise, sadness, anger, fear, and disgust. Typically, these emotions can be picked up and recognized by a child as young as two months old, during which a baby may begin to smile, laugh, and even show signs of fear. And as children develop and grow into adolescents and adults, they also continually improve how they manage and handle emotions, building empathy, self-control, and responsiveness to the feelings of those around them.

Alexithymia

Alexithymia is a condition characterized by a difficulty to understand and recognize one’s own emotions. When alexithymia is present, a person might suspect that they are experiencing an emotion but cannot classify which emotion it may be, whether it be anger, anxiety, or irritation. This condition is present in about 50% of people with autism; it’s a significant percentage, which is perhaps the where the notion that people with autism cannot recognize nor read autism and emotions and empathize came from.

Eye Contact

The difficulty in recognizing autism and emotions, both of one’s self and those of others, is generally accepted as another part of autism. A large part of our emotions are expressed through the eyes and the mouth, which leads to another hypothesis: the difficulty of people with autism in recognizing emotion can be in due part to their inability to hold or maintain eye contact.

From the early development stage, children with ASD may display inability to focus on other people’s faces and behaviors. They tend to keep to themselves and are not prone to sharing their interests nor in participating in other’s interests.

Neurotypical

Children with ASD often also find it difficult to use emotion to manage social interactions. They are unable to express concern for others and may not possess the ability to offer comfort, coming across as apathetic. Since children with ASD also are unable to read non-verbal cues and grasp the meaning behind words, they are also prone to misunderstanding situations and thus may respond with emotions inappropriate for the situation. For instance, when someone tells a joke using sarcasm or irony, a person with ASD may only express confusion; people with autism and emotions are often unable to get the joke since they take things quite literally.

Regardless of whether the person with autism also has alexithymia, they spend significantly less time looking at faces and maintaining eye contact than neurotypical people.

Bottom Line

Although individuals with autism excel at analysis and logic-based activities and experiences, they still are able to feel emotions. They just process said emotions differently, and respond to these emotions in a way that may be unique to them. As such, it is important to help them understand these emotions and give them a safe space to do so.

There’s an extensive range of therapies and treatment options available for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Some of these might be able to help your child with recognizing, showing, and managing autism and emotions. It might tough to find the effective approach, but with the right help, it is doable.

Consult with a specialist to devise a personalized treatment plan that can help address your child’s individual needs.

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What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Mild Autism? https://www.autism-explained.com/what-are-the-signs-and-symptoms-of-mild-autism/ https://www.autism-explained.com/what-are-the-signs-and-symptoms-of-mild-autism/#respond Fri, 20 Dec 2019 02:47:00 +0000 http://www.autism-explained.com/?p=744 Autism is not a single disorder; rather it is a spectrum of closely related disorders that share certain symptoms. This is why it is more accurate to refer to these disorders as ASD, or autism spectrum disorder. The spectrum reflects the acuteness of the manifested symptoms, ranging from severe to mild. There is no blood […]

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Autism is not a single disorder; rather it is a spectrum of closely related disorders that share certain symptoms. This is why it is more accurate to refer to these disorders as ASD, or autism spectrum disorder. The spectrum reflects the acuteness of the manifested symptoms, ranging from severe to mild.

There is no blood test or scanning procedure that can diagnose symptoms of mild autism. Instead, the doctor will look at a variety of factors. To determine the level of autism in a child, the doctor will evaluate primarily two things: the child’s abilities or skills to communicate with others and the presence of restricted, repetitive behavior.

Diagnosis

To qualify for a diagnosis of symptoms of mild autism, the child’s symptoms would have to present themselves before they are 3 years of age. If the symptoms appear past age 3, then the child doesn’t have autism but perhaps some other developmental disorder.

Symptoms of mild autism sometimes manifest as early as infancy. Such symptoms may include reduced eye contact and indifference to caregivers. Sometimes, infants display normal development and then suddenly become withdrawn as toddlers.

In each case of autism, the child may display a pattern of behavior unique to them. Depending on where on the spectrum they are, the child may have normal or below average intelligence. They may have difficulty learning. Or maybe they have above-average intelligence but do not possess enough social skills to communicate their learnings well.

In general, the following are symptoms displayed by children on the spectrum.

Language & Communication

Many children on the spectrum have trouble communicating and comprehending language. Symptoms of mild autism include:

  • Delayed speech development (sometimes not talking at all)
  • Having an odd speech pattern or using irregular rhythm or pitch in their words
  • Repetitively saying words or phrases
  • Difficulty initiating or keeping up with conversation
  • Struggles with expressing what they want or need
  • Have trouble comprehending simple instructions or phrases
  • Cannot grasp meanings behind idioms, thereby taking things literally
  • Can’t understand sarcasm
  • keep eye contact is not sustainable
  • Have difficulty recognizing and interpreting non-verbal cues

Social interaction

Their problems with language and communication lead to children on the spectrum also having difficulty socializing, making friends, or simply relating to other people.

  • Difficulty recognizing emotions and reactions of other people, thereby coming off as rude or sometimes aggressive
  • Resistance to physical contact such a hand on the shoulder or hugs
  • Unusual body language or facial expressions, such as having a blank stare when saying something that should be exciting
  • Lack of interest or resistance to the company of others, especially stranger

Behavioral patterns

Children with autism often adapt to a rigid behavioral pattern, and they tend to stick to these patterns obsessively.  

  • Obsessive attachment to seemingly mundane objects, such as keys or socks
  • Repetitive movements, such as constantly thrumming their fingers on a table or flapping their hands
  • Obsessive fixation on an often niche topic or scope of interest, such as keeping track of train schedules, sports statistics, or license plates
  • Odd movements, often clumsy and with a strange posture
  • Get easily upset when change is abruptly introduced or when there’s a disruption in their routine
  • Keep a rigid schedule and a fixed, sometimes odd way of doing things, such as wearing only blue socks on Tuesdays, having a specific order for their toys, and eating candies in only even numbers
  • Intense reactions to certain sounds, textures, or sights

As they grow up, some children on the spectrum may learn to become more engaged with others and may show fewer of these behaviors. Some, usually those showing only mild symptoms, can lead normal lives, or as normal for them as possible.

Mild Autism

So what does it mean when a child has symptoms of mild autism?

The term is not officially used in formal studies and is instead used to refer to a generally less severe case of autism. In other words, someone with “mild autism” may show some of the symptoms associated with autism, such as delayed social and communication skills. However, these symptoms are not acute enough to impair their daily functioning. They can still complete homework assignments but have problems relating to their peers. They may even have advanced academic skills but find that they find socializing a challenging pursuit.

How Can Mild Autism Be Treated?

Symptoms of mild autism may vary depending on the situation. Possible treatment options include behavior therapy and developmental therapies. Specialists may use a variety of approach in order to help the child learn what qualifies as acceptable behavior and what does not.

Another treatment is speech therapy, in which specialists will address the child’s problems in communication. The child may be taught to recognize social cues and how to respond to them.

Other treatment options are drug therapy (using medication to manage the symptoms of mild autism), physical therapy, and occupational therapy. To devise an effective treatment plan, comprehensive examinations would have to be done to evaluate the well-being of the child.

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How Do You Raise an Autistic Child? https://www.autism-explained.com/how-do-you-raise-an-autistic-child/ https://www.autism-explained.com/how-do-you-raise-an-autistic-child/#respond Mon, 30 Sep 2019 04:04:39 +0000 http://www.autism-explained.com/?p=606 How do you raise an autistic child? For most parents who suspect that their child may have autism, the best thing you can do is to start knowing about the condition, and seek treatment as soon as possible. You don’t have to wait for a couple of years just to see if the child will […]

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How do you raise an autistic child? For most parents who suspect that their child may have autism, the best thing you can do is to start knowing about the condition, and seek treatment as soon as possible. You don’t have to wait for a couple of years just to see if the child will get better or if he/she will “outgrow” the problem. How do you raise an autistic child? According to most professionals, you don’t have to wait for an official diagnosis. In this article, you’ll learn some tips on how do you raise an autistic child?

How Do You Raise an Autistic Child: Get Treatment Early

How do you raise an autistic child? If you think there’s something wrong with your child’s behavior, you need to take action by consulting your pediatrician immediately. The earlier your child can get help, the greater their chance of having a successful treatment. Early intervention is the best way to reduce the symptoms of autism spectrum disorder. Early treatment can also speed up your child’s development.

How Do You Raise an Autistic Child: Tips in Helping Your Child with Autism Thrive

Tip #1: Make sure to provide structure and safety

How do you raise an autistic child? The way for you to ensure safety for your kids, and provide structure is by first learning everything you can about the disorder. You need to get involved in the whole process and not just the treatment. The more you know, the more you will be able to really help your child overcome this disorder. In addition to this, here are some tips on how you can make daily life easier not just for your child but also for you and your family.  

Be Consistent

Patients diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder often times have a difficulty applying what they have learned. For instance, if your kid uses sign language at school to communicate, he/ she should also do the same at home. This is a way for you to create a consistent environment for your child and also reinforce learning. You need to learn what the therapists are doing, and make sure that you continue this at home. You can also try exploring the possibility of having therapy take place in a different location. This could encourage your kid to apply what he/she has learned from one environment to another. When it come to dealing with their sometimes inappropriate or unwanted behaviors, make sure to also be consistent in the way you interact with your child.

Stick to a Schedule

Kids diagnosed with ASD often do best when they follow a structured routine. This will go back to how consistent you are particularly when it comes to satisfying what they need at the moment. Make sure to set up a schedule for your kid with regular times for meals, therapy, bedtime, play etc. You can also try disrupting it but only at a minimum. If there’s an inevitable change in schedule, be sure to inform your kid in advance.

Reward Good Behavior

For patients with ASD, positive reinforcement can surely go a long way. This also works for kids in general. Make sure to catch your kids in doing something good. For instance, if they learn a new skill, or if they behave appropriately make sure to praise them. It’s also best to be specific about what behavior or action they are being praised for. Reward them for this good behavior as well.

Create a Home Safety Zone

Create a space in your home where your kid can feel secure, safe and relax even if he’s all by himself. You need to set certain boundaries and organize things in ways that your kid will understand. Visual cues can be very helpful especially when you need to mark areas that are off – limits. You can also label items in the house using pictures or customized letterings. Make sure to also create a safety proof especially if your child is prone to doing tantrums or other self – injurious behaviors. 

Tip #2: Find Non – Verbal Ways to Communicate

How do you raise an autistic child?Connecting with a kid diagnosed with ASD can be very challenging. The thing is that, you don’t actually need to touch them or even talk to them just to form a bond with them. You should learn your child’s love language, so to speak. You can connect to your kid by the way you look at them, through your body language, or by the tone of your voice. Your kid is also connecting to you even if he/ she doesn’t speak or is not that tolerant of touching. You just have to know their language; here’s how:

Look for Non – Verbal Cues

If you’re aware and observant, you can learn to choose on the non – verbal cues that kids with ASD use to connect. You need to pay attention to the kinds of facial expressions they make, sounds they make, gestures they do especially when they want something.

Figure Out the Motivation Behind the Tantrum 

It’s only natural to feel upset when your child ignores or misunderstand you but it’s not different for kids with ASD. When an autistic child acts out, it’s usually because they’re not picking up on their non – verbal cues. Throwing a tantrum is their way for getting your attention and also voicing out their frustration.

Make Time for Fun

How do you raise an autistic child? You have to remember that a child diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder is still a child. For kids with ASD and their parents, there should be more to life than just therapy sessions. Make sure to schedule fun time with your kid especially when they are awake and alert. You might want to come up with activities where you and your child can have fun together. It’s best that you know what things they like to do because this will encourage them to have fun and develop their self – esteem. Your child will be happy taking a break from educational sessions. There are great benefits that will result because of these. Having fun is an important part of a child’s life, and it should be different for those with autism.

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Can Autistic People Work? https://www.autism-explained.com/can-autistic-people-work/ https://www.autism-explained.com/can-autistic-people-work/#respond Mon, 30 Sep 2019 03:57:15 +0000 http://www.autism-explained.com/?p=604 Can autistic people work? Yes indeed. People with Autism Spectrum Disorder need to choose jobs that make use of their strengths and unique abilities. Can autistic people work? Typically, both low and high – functioning patients have very poor short – term working memory. They however, have a better long – term type of memory […]

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Can autistic people work? Yes indeed. People with Autism Spectrum Disorder need to choose jobs that make use of their strengths and unique abilities. Can autistic people work? Typically, both low and high – functioning patients have very poor short – term working memory. They however, have a better long – term type of memory than most normal people. In this article, you’ll learn can autistic people work? You’ll also learn what jobs best suit a visual and non – visual thinker.

Can Autistic People Work: Job Tips

Can autistic people work? Later, you’ll see a list of jobs that could be both easy and difficult for both visual and non – visual thinkers. We have grouped that into three tables. Most children with Autism Spectrum Disorder have a hard time doing mathematical or analytic work. I would say that more patients diagnosed with autism are better at creative jobs but of course it varies.

Here are some job tips for kids or patients with autism spectrum disorder:

  • Jobs should have a well – defined endpoint
  • Make a portfolio of your work. Sell your work.
  • Your employer should accept and recognize your social or other limitations.

Ideal College Courses for People with ASD

Can autistic people work? It’s essential that high – functioning ASD patients choose a college course in an area where they can get jobs. Since we’re already in the information age, a degree in computer or technology related subjects could perhaps be a good choice. This is because it’s very likely that many of the best programmers have Autism Spectrum Disorder or share some similar traits. Other college majors that ASD patients can get into are the following:

  • Accounting
  • Engineering
  • Art
  • Science
  • History
  • Business
  • Political Science

Can autistic people work? Pure Mathematics and English should be avoided. However, an ASD individual could major in library science with a minor in history. The library science degree makes it easier to get a good job.

Jobs for Visual and Non – Visual Thinkers with ASD

Jobs that Require High Demands on Short – Term Working Memory

These are jobs that could not be appropriate for people who are high – functioning autism.

  • Cashier: Quickly making changes can be demanding on short – term working memory.
  • Short – Order Cook: Keeping track of food orders or cooking many things at the same time can be demanding.
  • Waitress: This could be difficult if they have to keep track of many tables at the same time.
  • Casino Dealer: This is a job that has many things to keep track of.
  • Taxi Dispatcher: This is a job that has many things to keep track of.
  • Taking Oral Dictation: This can be hard for them due to auditory processing issues
  • Airline Ticket Agent: Dealing with angry people especially when flights are cancelled could be demanding and stressful for them to handle. 
  • Stock Market Trader: Could be stressful to handle
  • Air Traffic Controller: Information overload and stressful
  • Telephone Operator or Receptionist: They can have problems when switch board gets busy

Jobs for Visual Thinkers

Computer Programming: This is a field that has various jobs available. One can choose to be in the field of business computers, industrial automation, communications/ network systems, and software design.

  • Drafting: This includes computer aided drafting and engineering drawings. This job can offer various opportunities for people with ASD. Drafting is an excellent gateway for different technical – related jobs. There are people who started out doing drafting jobs and later on move into designing. To become really skilled at drafting, you need to learn how to draw by hand. Most people who draw beautiful drawings on a computer learned to first draw by hand. Those who never learn to draw by hand usually leave out important details on their drawings.
  • Commercial Art: Advertising and magazine layout can be done as freelance work
  • Photography: TV cameramen, videographer and photography can be done as a freelance work.
  • Equipment Designing: For most people working in this industry, employees usually starts as draftsman before moving into designing equipment in factories.   
  • Vet Technician/ Animal Trainer: Behavior problem consultant and dog obedience trainer could be a good fit for some people with ASD.
  • Automobile Mechanic: This job includes visualizing how the entire car works
  • Computer – Repair: This job includes visualizing problems in networks and computers.
  • Small Appliance: This can make for a nice local business
  • Handcrafts: This include many different types of wood carving, ceramics, and jewelry making among others.
  • Laboratory Technician: This job includes modification and building lab equipment.
  • Web Page Design: This can be a freelance work. You need to find a good niche market plus you can also do this at the comfort of your home.
  • Building Trades: These jobs make good use of visual skills though some may not be able to do them well due to motor coordination problems. Jobs can include being a carpenter or welder.
  • Video Game Designer: I suggest that you stay out of this field. Jobs are now scarce and the field is overcrowded.  There are many more jobs in communication and industrial business, and software design computer programming. Another bad thing about this job is that it’s exposure to violent images which can be offending or disturbing for patients with ASD.  
  • Computer Animation: Those who are visual thinkers would be very good at this field. Keep in mind though that there’s a lot of competition compared to industrial or business computer programming. Businesses are often recruiting workers from other countries because there’s a shortage of good programmers in the industrial and business fields. 
  • Building Maintenance: The job often includes fixing windows, broken pipes etc. in places like hotel, office building, and apartment complex.
  • Factory Maintenance: This job includes repairs and fixes factory equipment

 

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What Are the Behaviors of Autism? https://www.autism-explained.com/what-are-the-behaviors-of-autism/ https://www.autism-explained.com/what-are-the-behaviors-of-autism/#respond Mon, 09 Sep 2019 03:52:32 +0000 http://www.autism-explained.com/?p=602 What are the behaviors of autism? Patients diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders will most likely exhibit autistic behaviors that could be perceived by other people as inappropriate. What are the behaviors of autism? These may include problems in terms of them socializing with other people, and expressing themselves just to name a few. In this […]

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What are the behaviors of autism? Patients diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders will most likely exhibit autistic behaviors that could be perceived by other people as inappropriate. What are the behaviors of autism? These may include problems in terms of them socializing with other people, and expressing themselves just to name a few. In this article, you’ll learn what are the behaviors of autism?

While the following are not part of the official diagnostic criteria for autism/ autism spectrum disorder, patients usually suffer from one or more of these behaviors:

Sensory Problems

What are the behaviors of autism? Many kids diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders either overreact or under – react to sensory stimuli. There will be times where they will ignore people as if they are not there. But there could also be times that they become disturbed by even the softest sounds. For them, sudden noises can be upsetting. They usually respond to these by covering their ears, and making repetitive noises in order to drown out the sound. Kids diagnosed with autism spectrum may also be highly sensitive to texture or touch. They could cringe when someone pats them on their backs unexpectedly, or if they feel a certain texture against their skin.

Emotional Difficulties 

What are the behaviors of autism? Autism spectrum disorder patients can also have a hard time expressing themselves and/ or regulating their feelings. For example, the child may start to cry, laugh, or yell for no reason. When they become stressed, he/she may turn to aggressive or disruptive behavior. They may start hitting other people, breaking their things, or even harming themselves. According to The National Dissemination Center for Children with Disabilities, there are some kids who are not aware or perhaps unfazed by real dangers such as heights, roads and the likes. On the other hand, some of them could be afraid of the harmless objects like their own toy.

Uneven Cognitive Abilities 

What are the behaviors of autism? Autism Spectrum Disorder happens at all levels of intelligence. However, even children with normal to high cleverness can have unevenly developed cognitive skills. Verbal skills usually tend to be weaker than their non – verbal skills. Aside from this, kids with ASD usually do well on tasks that involve visual skills or memorization. Tasks like abstract thinking or symbolism could be hard for them.

Savant Skills

What are the behaviors of autism? There are approximately 10% of patients diagnosed with ASD with “savant” skills. This is similar to the character that Dustin Hoffman portrayed in the movie Rain Man. The most common savant skills usually include artistic and musical abilities, feats of memory and mathematical calculations to name a few. For instance, an autistic savant may be able to play a piano concerto after hearing it for the first time, they can quickly memorize complex maps, or they can multiply large numbers.

What Are the Behaviors of Autism: Diagnosis

What are the behaviors of autism? Diagnosing an Autism Spectrum Disorder can be time consuming and hard. As a matter of fact, it’s often 2 to 3 years after the first symptoms are noticeable, and before a diagnosis can be made. This is partly due to concerns about incorrectly or labeling diagnosing the child. However, an Autism Spectrum Disorder diagnosis can also be delayed if the physician does not take a parent’s concerns seriously. It can also be due if the family isn’t referred to the right professionals who specialized in developmental disorders.

If you are worried that your child has Autism Spectrum Disorder, it is best to seek out a clinical diagnosis. However, it’s important to note that you don’t have to wait for diagnosis to get your kid into treatment. It’s best to have an early intervention particularly during the pre – school years. This will surely improve your child’s chances for overcoming his/ her delays in development. So don’t worry if you happen to be waiting on an official diagnosis, it’s best to already look into possible treatment options. Putting a potential label on the problem of your kid is far less important than treating his/ her symptoms.

Diagnosing Autism Spectrum Disorder

What are the behaviors of autism? In order for you to determine whether your kid has ASD, or perhaps another kind of developmental condition, professionals look at the way the patient interacts with others. They look into how they behave and also communicate to other people and to themselves. Autism Spectrum Disorder is based on the patterns of behavior that the patient exhibits.

If you’re concerned that your kid has ASD, and developmental screening confirms this, your physician will most likely refer you to an autism specialist. Your pediatrician may also refer you to a team of specialists so that your child can undergo a comprehensive evaluation. Since the diagnosis of ASD is complicated, it’s important that you meet with specialists who have received training and highly specializes in this condition.

The team of specialists involved in diagnosing patients with Autism Spectrum Disorder may include:

  • Child psychologists
  • Child psychiatrists
  • Speech pathologists
  • Developmental pediatricians
  • Pediatric neurologists
  • Audiologists
  • Physical therapists
  • Special education teachers

What are the behaviors of autism? As mentioned earlier, diagnosing ASD isn’t a brief process. There’s no single medical evaluation that can diagnose it definitively. Instead, what you can do to pinpoint your kid’s problem accurately is through multiple tests and evaluations.

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